Cytotoxicity of Endodontic Materials

Rosa Maria Osorio, Arthur Hefti, Frank J. Vertucci, and Amy L. Shawley

An in vitro cell culture model of human gingival fibroblasts and L-929 cells was used to measure the cytotoxicity of currently used root canal sealers Endomet, CRCS, and AH26 and root-end filling materials Amalgam, Gallium GF2, Ketac Silver, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and Super-EBA. Cytotoxic effects were assessed using the MTT assay for mitochondrial enzyme activity and the CV assay for cell numbers. Using inserts culture and L-929 fibroblasts. All-Bond-2 was also evaluated. The statistical analysis of results showed that CRCS was the least cytotoxic sealer followed by Endomet and AH26. Among root-end filling materials, MTA was not cytotoxic; Gallium GF2 displayed little cytotoxicity; and Ketac Silver, Super-EBA, and Amalgam showed higher levels of cytotoxicity. All Bond-2 also displayed a high degree of cytotoxicity. CRCS was the best root canal sealer and MTA the best root-end filling material. The outcome was favorable also for Gallium GF2 as a retrofilling material. The outcome was favorable also for Gallium GF2 as a retrofilling material.

Journal of Endodontics, Vol. 24, No. 2, February 1998, 91-96.

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